Posted by : November 30, 2013| On :
MABANK–Rootseeker member Mary Beth Haley spoke at the recent meeting at the Tri-County Library in downtown Mabank.
Haley recently discovered some of her ancestors were in the Oklahoma Land Rush. This discovery peaked her interest to learn more. Her research lead her to find out that there were four land runs.
With the outbreak of the Civil War, the Five Civilized Tribes (the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole) were dragged into a conflict, which in the end brought them as much devastation as the great removal.
There were wealthy Indian slave owners who sided with the Confederates. Differences among the Indians quickly flared into their own private Civil War. In the confusion they became victims of plunder and raiding on the part of both Union and Confederate troops scouring the land for food and supplies.
By the time the war was over, many Indians had been forced out of Indian Territory. They faced desolation when they returned to their land. They had been stripped of everything they possessed – tools, grain, and cattle. Their homes were destroyed, and their land had been burned.
In 1889, President Benjamin Harrison announced Oklahoma lands would be opened to public settlement.
The unassigned lands were considered some of the best unoccupied public land in the United States. The Indian Appropriations Bill of 1889 was passed and signed into law with an amendment by Illinois Representative William McKendree Springer, that authorized President Harrison to open two million acres for settlement.
Due to the Homestead Act of 1862, signed by President Abraham Lincoln, legal settlers could claim lots up to 160 acres in size, provided a settler lived on the land and improved it, the settler could then receive the title to the land.
American Indians viewed the land run very differently than the settlers. While those who made the run saw the situation as an opportunity, American Indians feared they may again lose even more land.
In varying times during the nineteenth century, tribes had been forced from their ancestral homelands to reservations in present-day Oklahoma. Then, tribes were forced to accept individual allotments with the Dawes Act in 1887, which again reduced their land. The resulting land cleared of tribal ownership resulted in available land for the run.
The first land run started at high noon April 22, 1889, with an estimated, 50,000 people lined up for their piece of the available two million acres in central Oklahoma.
By day’s end, both Oklahoma City and Guthrie had established cities of around 10,000 people.
As Harper’s Weekly put it, “At twelve o’clock on Monday, April 22, the resident population of Guthrie was nothing; before sundown it was at least 10,000. In that time streets had been laid out, town lots staked off, and steps taken toward the formation of a municipal government.”
Harper’s also provided a vivid picture of what occurred. It documents the massive stupidity of federal policy with regard to the disposal of the public domain, but it scarcely more than hints at the tragic consequences to follow for the Indian tribes who had been forcibly relocated to Oklahoma under solemn promises that their land would be theirs forever.
The second run on Sept. 22, 1891, alotted a million acres to 20,000 settlers in another mad scramble. Practically every tract was occupied on the first day.
The third run on April 19, 1892, a less desirable four million acres were made available, but six years later, a great deal of it was still unclaimed.
The fourth run on Sept.16, 1893, consisted of six million acres in the Cherokee Outlet, an area bigger than the state of Massachusetts.
Haley was born in Dallas and grew up in Irving, where she graduated from high school.
She entered college in Arkansas, where she also married. She received a bachelor’s of art degree at Southwest Baptist College in Boliver, Mo.
She taught school in Missouri for two years then returned to the Dallas area to work for the city of Dallas.
Her husband is retired from the Dallas Police Department and she from the city of Dallas Transportation Department.
They now live in the Cedar Creek Lake area on five acres with several dogs and cats.
Posted by : November 23, 2013| On :
Lake Palestine will connect to CCL and on to Metroplex
By Susan Harrison
Monitor Staff Writer
GUN BARREL CITY –Tarrant Regional Water District (TRWD) program manager Kathy Berek was the guest speaker at the Cedar Creek Lake Area Chamber of Commerce monthly luncheon Nov. 19 at Vetoni’s Italian Restaurant in Gun Barrel City.
Caddo is the only natural lake in Texas. All other lakes were built for water and flood control, she said.
Berek explained the regional partnership TRWD has with the city of Dallas Water Utilities is to build an integrated pipeline to connect Lake Palestine with Cedar Creek Lake and up to the Metroplex.
“By building the project together, there will be savings by having a larger pump system that will result in energy savings,” Berek explained.
“It makes sense to do this because we are so geographically close.”
The entire project will take more than 20 years and the plan is to be pumping water by 2020 from Cedar Creek Lake.
“We (TRWD) have the right to pump 156 million gallons per day but currently we only pump 127,” Berek said, but added that they need to pump 30 million more.
It will be between 2025 and 2030 before water is available from Lake Palestine.
The project includes six pump stations starting with Lake Palestine, Richland Chambers Reservoir, Cedar Creek Lake and three more toward the Metroplex.
The four primary wholesale customers of TRWD are the cities of Fort Worth, Arlington and Mansfield plus the Trinity River Authority. Their service area includes 70 cities in 11 counties. It is permitted 523 million gallons of water per day and has a projected need of 879 in 2060.
Dallas Water Utilities has both wholesale and retail rates with over 25 wholesale customer cities covering 699 square miles. It has a permitted 598 million gallons of water per day and projects a need of 887 in 2060.
The good news is that TRWD and Dallas Water Utilities participate in water conservation programs that have saved a total of 270 billion gallons of water over the past 10 years.
Gun Barrel City sponsored the November chamber luncheon and Economic Development Corporation (EDC) vice president Gary Damiano announced that the EDC was accepting applications for $50,000 minimum business loans.
“We (EDC) are participating in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Rural Business Enterprise Matching Grant,” announced Damiano.
To qualify, the business must not be a major corporation, have sales under $1M per year, under 50 employees and have 61 percent American ownership.
Potential uses include acquiring land, development, construction, remodeling, technology, pollution control or loan start-ups, Damiano explained.
“The EDC will want to know your goals, working capital, abilities and potential from the business,” Damiano said.
“We expect every $10,000 of the loan to create one new job.”
Applicants must submit an application and a business plan plus pass a credit and background check. The application deadline is April 2014 and the loan rates are about two percent.
In other business, chamber members heard:
• ambassador president Becky Hepker named Floors 4U owner Abdul Abdin as November’s Business of the Month.
• contact the chamber to ring the Salvation Army bell at Walmart Dec. 7.
Posted by : October 12, 2013| On :
SEVEN POINTS–After a lovely luncheon with 21 attendees at Tavi’s Italian Restaurant in Seven Points, the Cedar Creek Lake Civic League traveled to The Library at Cedar Creek Lake for its first meeting after the summer sabbatical. Nell Alspaw opened with a devotional for the group.
The Inspiration Foundation owner Robyn Wheeler spoke about her life and books “Born Mad” and “104 Ways to Starve Your Anger and Feed Your Soul.” “Born Mad” reflects her diagnosis of Dysthymia Disorder in 2010 at the age of 44 and has received several 5-star reviews on Amazon.
Along with being an author, Wheeler is a Certified Anger Management facilitator and is a reporter for The Monitor newspaper. She is a dedicated speaker to creating awareness of Dysthymia Disorder. After speaking to the club, she opened the floor for questions and answers.
Minutes were read by Noma Parkhouse, treasury report by Cathy English and the projected budget was given by finance chairperson Linda Gallatin. President Susan Thomas presided over the review of the coming year calendar.
The next meeting is set for 1:30 p.m. Monday, Oct. 28, at The Library at Cedar Creek Lake in Seven Points.